Where is Switzerland located? Map of Switzerland…
Where Is Switzerland Located? Switzerland Map
Switzerland is a confederation of states called “cantons”; it includes twenty-six cantons: Aargau (Aargau); Appenzell Ausserrhoden; Appenzell Innerrhoden; Basel-Land (Basel-Land); Basel-Stadt (Basel-Stadt); Bern (Bern); Freiburg (Freiburg); Geneva ; Glarus (Glarus); Graubünden (Graubünden); Jura; Lucerne (Luzern); Neuchâtel; Nidwalden; Obwalden; St. Gallen (Sankt Gallen); Schaffhausen (Schaffhausen); Schwyz; Solothurn (Solothurn); Thurgau (Thurgau); Ticino (Ticino); Uri; Valais (Wallis); Vaud; Zug (Zug) and Zurich (Zürich).
The Swiss megalopolis is organized around Zurich which is the most important city and the main financial center of the country. Basel, Switzerland’s most developed commercial port, concentrates the bulk of the region’s chemical and pharmaceutical industries, and spreads to other cities such as Lucerne and Winterthur. Geneva, cultural, financial and industrial center, is renowned for its watchmaking and jewelery industry; it is also home to many international organizations. The political capital, Bern, has an administrative and financial vocation. Lausanne is a railway hub and a university town.
Switzerland, with a maximum length from north to south of 220 km and a maximum width from west to east of 348 km, covers an area of 41,285 km². Its relief is broadly defined by the Alps, which occupy three fifths of the Swiss territory and which it controls the main passages (since it is the only country to extend on the two sides of the alpine chain), and by an older mountain massif, the Jura. Oriented from south-west to north-east, these two chains are separated by the depression of the Swiss Plateau.
The Swiss Alps include several chains, including the Pennine Alps, home of the highest Swiss summit, Dufour Point (4,634 m), Mount Rosa and, further south, the Matterhorn, the second Swiss summit with an altitude of 4,478 m. The central massifs of the Aar Gotthard bear glaciers, the largest of them and the largest in Europe, the Aletsch, located in the Aare Massif. The Alpine system is in some places cut by deep and winding valleys like the Engadine, to the east. The Gotthard Pass is the main route between Central Europe and Italy.
The Jura, meanwhile, stretches from Dole to Zurich and rises to 1,600 m; Although it is much lower than the Alps, it nevertheless constitutes a steep barrier that can only be crossed in rare passes.
Between the Alps and the Jura, the Swiss Plateau (or Middle-Country) extends, from south-west to north-east, from Lake Geneva to Lake Constance, with an average altitude of 395 m and a width of about 50 km. This vast plateau is the vital region of the country and includes the majority of the population and agglomerations.