Where is Sri Lanka situated? Where is Sri Lanka located on the world map? Here is the answer and more…
Where Is Sri Lanka Located On The Map?
Sri Lanka is an island state of 65,610 km2 in the Indian sub-continent, located in south-east India, and is home to about twenty-two million people.
Where is Sri Lanka located? Sri Lanka is located in the Indian Ocean, about 31 km from south-east India, the two countries being separated by the Palk Strait, but almost connected by the Adam Bridge. Its surface area is 65,610 km2 and its population is over 20.4 million. Highest point: Mount Pidurutalagala, at 2,524 m.
The main cities are Colombo (economic capital, 690,000 inhabitants in 2003), Kandy and Galle. The cities around Colombo are Dehiwala-Mount Lavinia (196,000 inhab.), Moratuwa (170,000). The most northerly city in the country, Jaffna (129,000 inhabitants), is today in the disputed zone between Tamil militants and the government. The political capital is Sri Jayawardenapura Kotte, located 15 km southeast of Colombo.
The country has a marked religious, cultural and linguistic diversity. Thus, Sri Lanka has two official languages recognized by the country’s constitution in equal parts, Sinhalese and Tamil. The former is predominant in most parts of the country, with about 73.8% of speakers being Sinhalese and about 26.1% Tamil.
The climate of Sri Lanka is tropical humid. Average temperatures range from 16 ° C in Nuwara Eliya, where it can freeze for several days in winter, to 32 ° C in Trincomalee on the northeast coast. The annual average across the country is 28 30 °. January is the coldest month; May, the hottest, precedes the summer monsoon.
Precipitation depends largely on the monsoon and is spread over four seasons. The first rainy season runs from mid-May to October. The winds then settle to the southwest and fill with moisture over the Indian Ocean. When they encounter the southern slopes of the mountain ranges, they generate heavy rains on the south-west of the island, sometimes up to 2,500 mm per month. The intermousson, from October to November, is crossed by occasional storms and sometimes of tropical cyclones. The winter monsoon lasts from December to March, during which northeasterly winds bring moisture from the Bay of Bengal to the northern flanks of the island. A second intermousson lasts from March to mid-May.
The mountainous regions of the southwest are the wettest in the country. In Colombo, the relative humidity is above 70% all year long and can reach 90% in June. In Anuradhapura, it is 60% during the intermousson of March, but rises to 80% during the rains of November and December.