Where is Sierra Leone located? Map of Sierra Leone…
Where Is Sierra Leone Located? Sierra Leone Map
Sierra Leone is a country located in West Africa. Sierra Leone is open to the west and south on the Atlantic Ocean. It is bordered to the north and east by Guinea and to the southeast by Liberia.
Sierra Leone is divided into four regions: the northern, eastern, southern and western provinces. These are divided into 14 districts, under the authority of resident ministers, the list of which is as follows: Kailahun, Kenema, Kono, Bombali, Kambia, Koinadugu, Port Loko, Tonkolili, Bo, Bonthe, Moyamba, Pujehun, Western Rural, Western Urban. The districts are subdivided into more than 140 chiefdoms, each headed by a chief and a council of elders, traditionally responsible for maintaining order and enforcing the law.
The territory of Sierra Leone covers an area of 71,740 km². It consists of three large sets of reliefs. To the west, along the Atlantic Ocean, the coast is low and mostly marshy due to the presence of the mouths of many rivers; north of Sherbro Island, it is more rugged and dominated by low elevations (120 m), especially on the Freetown Peninsula.
Alongside the coast, a vast fertile coastal plain extends inland for 80 kilometers. Then, the land rises to the granitic plateau of the North, which culminates in the Loma Mountains (Bintimane Peak, 1,945 m) and the Sula Mountains (1,850 m), on the southwestern side of the Guinean Ridge. It descends to the South in a series of hilly terrain.
Sierra Leone is subject to a humid tropical climate with an average annual temperature of about 26.7 ° C. Precipitation is very abundant, with an annual level of 3,810 mm at the seaside and remaining high in the northern interior of the country (2,500 to 1,900 mm). The rainy season runs from May to October.
Former British colony founded in 1787 to accommodate former slaves from the United States and the Caribbean, the country gained independence in 1961. Destabilized by several coups in 1967, Sierra Leone was preyed on 1990’s civil war, which lasted from 1991 to 2001 and ended in January 2002.