Where is Senegal located? Map of Senegal…
Where Is Senegal Located? Senegal Map
Senegal is a country in West Africa that is open to the Atlantic Ocean. Senegal is bordered to the west by the Atlantic Ocean, to the north by Mauritania, to the east by Mali, to the south by Guinea-Bissau and Guinea. In the south of the country, Gambia is an enclave in length. Former French colony, became independent on June 20, 1960, the country has since played an important role in the region and more generally on the African continent.
Dakar, the capital, which has more than 2 million inhabitants, is the main port of the country as well as the first economic pole. It also serves as a seaport in Mali; a dock dedicated to this landlocked country receives the raw materials by the Dakar-Niger railway. Other major urban centers are Thies, Kaolack, St. Louis, all located in the west of the country. Tambacounda is the main city of eastern Senegal.
Along the Senegal River, Podor, Dagana, Matam and Bakel, trading posts or French military posts built in the nineteenth century at the time of French penetration, became settlements with the sedentarization of nomads and the growth of trade with Mauritania and Mali. In Rosso, on either side of the ferry that crosses the river and completes the road Dakar-Saint-Louis-Nouakchott, a growing population has established itself, the river being here border of Mauritania.
Senegal covers an area of 196 722 km². The country is covered with undulating plains not exceeding a few tens of meters above sea level. The foothills of Fouta-Djalon, in the south-east of the country, culminate at 494 m in the region of Kédougou; the hills of Fouta-Toro, in the east, border the valley of the Senegal River. On the coast, at the end of the peninsula of Cape Verde, the volcanic hills of Mamelles reach 104 m; in the rest of the country, some large dunes give the illusion of relief.
The coast, with a total length of 531 km, has a wide diversity. They are sandy, straight and low, from the mouth of Senegal to the peninsula of Cape Verde. This one, which forms the western extremity of Africa at the point of the Almadies, is rocky, cut out and accompanied by islands (Gorée, Ngor) and islets (the Madeleine, Yoff); it is dominated by a cornice of about ten meters high. The bay of Dakar is one of the largest and best protected of the continent. To the south, the shoreline is low, sometimes marshy and bordered by mangroves at the mouth of rivers.
The climate is tropical. It is characterized by a long dry season from November to June and a wet season from July to October, longer in Casamance. However, the coast (from Saint-Louis to the peninsula of Cape Verde) is subject to the trade winds during the dry season. The average daytime temperature is 23.3 ° C in January, and 28.3 ° C in July. Annual precipitation is higher in the south, averaging 1400 mm, and dropping significantly in the north, with less than 381 mm. At the center of the regions not subject to marine influence, the Ferlo is a vast plain desertification that the drought of recent decades, accentuated by the harmattan blowing desert, has transformed into a plain of dust.
French is the official language of Senegal. Wolof, Serer and Peul (Poulaar) are the most widely spoken African languages. Wolof, however, is the pre-eminent language and efforts have been made in the field of education to promote it as a written language. Nearly nine in ten are Sunni Muslims grouped into brotherhoods.
The most important, that of the Mourides, is mainly found in the Wolof; she did manual labor (including peanut cultivation) and attachment to her initiator, Amadou Bamba M’Backé, the basis of her faith. Its spiritual leader, the “General Caliph”, is in the holy city of Touba, a high place of pilgrimage sheltering the remains of Amadou Bamba M’Backé. The political and economic weight of Mouridism is unavoidable. The tidjan brotherhood, less important, professes a more classic and mystical Islam.