Where is Saudi Arabia located? Map of Saudi Arabia…
Where Is Saudi Arabia Located? Saudi Arabia Map
Saudi Arabia is a country in the Middle East, occupying most of the Arabian Peninsula. The country is called As Su’ūdīyah in Arabic.
Saudi Arabia is surrounded to the north by Jordan, Iraq, and Kuwait; to the east by the Arabian Gulf and Qatar; in the south-east by the United Arab Emirates and the Sultanate of Oman; to the south by the Republic of Yemen and to the west by the Red Sea and the Gulf of Aqaba. The borders of the south-east and the south are not precisely demarcated and are the subject of disputes with the countries concerned.
Since the 1993 administrative reform, Saudi Arabia has been divided into thirteen administrative districts, with appointed governors (emirs) and assemblies made up of local notables. Large cities elect their own municipal government. Towns and villages are administered by the councils of elders.
Riyadh (which means “gardens”, in Arabic) is the capital and largest city of Saudi Arabia (1,900,000 inhabitants). The major cities are Jeddah, a port city located on the Red Sea, the Mecca religious capital of Islam and largest center of pilgrimage, Medina (the “city“, in Arabic), holy city, and Damman, oil center of the Gulf Arabian. The industrial center of Yanbu, on the Red Sea, was built in the 1980s.
Saudi Arabia has an estimated area of between 1,750,000 km2 and 2,200,000 km2 (depending on the boundaries chosen). 98 p. 100 of the territory is desert or semi-desert. To the north and south lie two great deserts: Nefoud (the “sands” in Arabic) and Ar Rub ‘al Khali (the “Empty Quarter” in Arabic).
A coastal plain, 70 km wide, runs along the Red Sea. It is bordered by the mountainous barrier of the Hejaz, which the Asir (the “inaccessible”, in Arabic) extends to the south. The Hejaz, with an average altitude of 1,200 m, rises to 3,133 m.
The plateau of Nedjd, with an average altitude of 1000 m, occupies the center of the country between the two deserts of Néfoud and Ar Rub ‘al Khali, it is covered by a poor steppe. To the east, 500 km long along the Arabian Gulf, the plain of Hassa contains large oil fields.
A few dried wadis (streams), except during the rainy season, cross the central plateau. The main ones are Dawassir in the south, which connects the country to Yemen, Al Runmah and Hanifa in the center of the country.
The climate of Saudi Arabia is desert. Extreme heat and drought prevail in most of the country. On the other hand, it is hot and humid along the coastal plain. Average temperatures are 20.2 ° C in January and 42.8 ° C in July in Riyadh. At the same time, average temperatures in Jeddah are 28.5 ° C and 37.7 ° C. Jeddah and Riyadh record annual rainfall of 54 mm and 101 mm, respectively. Due to the general drought, rivers or lakes in Saudi Arabia are not permanent.