Where is Saint Lucia island located? Here is the answer and more…
Where Is Saint Lucia Island Located?
Saint Lucia is an island state of the West Indies. Located on the eastern edge of the Caribbean Sea, Saint Lucia is part of the Windward Islands; it is located between the islands of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines to the south, Barbados to the southeast, and Martinique to the north. Its area is 620 km2 for an estimated population of 187 768 inhabitants. Its capital is Castries.
Named after Lucia from Syracuse, Saint Lucia is the only state in the world to bear the name of a woman.
Castries is the capital, the largest city and the main port of Saint Lucia; the name of Castries comes from the Marshal of Castries, minister of the Navy of Louis XVI, which had insisted, at the signing of the treaty of Versailles in 1783, so that Great Britain returns the island to France. The administrative organization of the island is inherited from French colonization with a division into 11 parishes: from north to south, Gros-Islet, Dauphin, Castries, Anse-la-Raye, Dennery, Soufrière, Praslin, Micoud, Choiseul, Laborie, and Old Fort.
St. Lucia is part of the Windward Islands with, from north to south, Puerto Rico, the Virgin Islands, St. Martin, St. Barthelemy, St. Kitts and Nevis, Antigua and Barbuda, Guadeloupe, Dominica, Martinique, St. Vincent and the Grenadines, Barbados and Grenada.
Tourism is the country’s main source of income, accounting for 48% of GDP. Most of the tourist activity is grouped in the north of the island, with many hotels, marinas, and especially the port of Castries where many cruise ships stop over. The entire southern part of the island is much wilder and tourist infrastructure is smaller, there are also many activities “nature”. The majority of tourists are American (36% in 2007) and most often occupy the major tourist complexes of the north, the European clientele often prefers the southern part of the island, and many of them regret this Americanization of the island. St. Lucia is more a luxury tourism, there are many luxury hotels. The road network is of very good quality in the north, but more random in the south, it is regularly damaged during the hurricane period. Saint Lucia has two airports, the oldest located in the city of Castries is now reserved for inter-island flights of the Caribbean, the new airport built in the extreme south of the island from the 1990s meets the standards intercontinental and can accommodate large aircraft coming from North America (mainly the United States) and Europe (mainly the United Kingdom); this airport has taken over part of the infrastructure of a former US Air Force base, the road that connects the city of Vieux Fort to the airport is also a former taxiway of this base.
The second source of income for the island comes from agriculture. In the 1960s, banana accounted for 80% of the income of the island, in the 1990s the government decided to diversify production by promoting the cultivation of mangoes and avocados. Then come crafts and small businesses. Saint Lucia has also created a major petroleum storage and transit site that occupies a good place in the island’s economy.
The government has a policy, particularly fiscal, which aims to attract foreign investment, which is reassured by the political stability of the island. Thus, in particular, there are several projects of tourism development in the south, by the construction of large hotel complexes. These projects are far from unanimous on the spot, because of the relatively protected nature of this part of the country.