Where is Pakistan located? Map of Pakistan…
Where Is Pakistan Located? Map of Pakistan
The Islamic Republic of Pakistan is a country in South Asia surrounded by Iran, Afghanistan, China, India and the Arabian Sea. It is a federation of five provinces (Soubeh)): Punjab, Sindh, Balochistan, Serhad (or NWFP: North West Frontier Province) and Azad Kashmir (or Free Kashmir), plus the territory of the federal capital, the Kabileh Alakeh (federally administered tribal territories) and the Gilgit Agency.
Pakistan is bounded by India to the east, the Arabian Sea to the south, Iran to the west, Afghanistan and China to the northeast. Kashmir, shared between India and Pakistan, is a territory claimed by both countries. Before its independence, obtained in 1947, Pakistan included the current Bangladesh, which seceded in 1971.
Pakistan is divided into four provinces – Balochistan (to the west, on the border with Iran and Afghanistan, with Quetta as its capital), the North West Frontier Province (northwest the border with Afghanistan, with Peshawar as its capital), Punjab (to the northeast, on the border with India, with Lahore as its capital) and Sind (to the south-east, with Lahore as its capital) – and two territories: the territory of the federal capital of Islamabad, in the north-east, and the territory formed by the “tribal regions” (located in a narrow strip along Afghanistan, north-east of Baluchistan).
The area of Pakistan is 796 095 km². Its territory is made up of two large complexes: a vast plain, crossed by the Indus and its tributaries, and the mountains of North and West. With a width of between 80 and 320 km, the Indus Plain, which crosses the country from north to south to the Arabian Sea, covers more than 518 000 km2. The tributaries of the Indus – Sutlej, Ravi, Chenab and Jhelam – feed the irrigation system that waters the Punjab in the west, and Sind in the south. The Great Plain, separated from the Thar Desert by the Indian border, terminates to the south by a narrow coastal plain bordering the Arabian Sea.
Mountains and plateaus cover the western part of the country. In the north are the chains of Hindu Kush and Karakorum, the latter culminating in K2, the second highest peak in the world (8,611 m). Further south, the Safed Koh Mountains are pierced by the Khyber Pass, on the borders of Pakistan and Afghanistan. The Toba Kakar Mountains and the Sulayman Mountains in the center of the country are extended to the south by the Great Baluchistan Plateau.