Where is Nepal located? Where is Nepal situated? Here is the answer…
Where Is Nepal Situated? Where Is Nepal Located?
A small landlocked country between two giants, China to the north (Tibet) and India to the south, to the east and to the west, Nepal stretches from east to west for 885 km while its width varies from 145 to 241 km from north to south. Its surface area is 147,181 km². Kachan Kalan, its lowest point, is 70 meters above sea level while its highest point, Mount Everest, is 8,850 meters above sea level. This extreme altitude variation and the latitude in which Nepal is located make this country one of the most diverse in the world. The Kingdom of Nepal became in 2008 a democratic republic following the election of a Constituent Assembly whose first decision was to abolish the monarchy. Nepal is a multicultural country strongly rooted in its traditions.
Nepal has a very wide variety of landscapes, ranging from the humid tropical Terraï to the south to the highest mountains in the world to the north. Nepal has eight of the world’s ten highest mountains, including Everest (Sagarmatha in Nepali), which marks the border with Tibet.
Nepal has been made famous for the possibilities it offers for tourism, trekking, mountaineering, mountain biking, safaris, rafting and its many temples and places of worship.
Kathmandu is the capital (political and religious) of Nepal, of which it is also the largest city. The other major cities are Pokhara, Biratnagar, Patan (Lalitpur), Bhaktapur, Birendranagar, Hetauda, Butwal, Bharatpur, Siddharthanagar (Bhairahawa), Birganj, Janakpur, Nepalganj, Dharan, Dhangadhi, and Bhimdatta (Mahendranagar).
The official language is Nepali and the currency is the Nepalese rupee.
The country is populated by more than 60 different ethnic groups and castes. The Chhetri (Kshatriya) caste is the most represented group in Nepal, comprising 17% of the population. The caste Bahun (Brahman) is the second group with 12% of the population (2011 census). The Newars, considered the first inhabitants of the Kathmandu Valley account for 5% of the Nepalese population. Their language, Newari, is still spoken in the Kathmandu Valley. The other main peoples of Nepal are the Tharus (7%), Sherpas, Tamangs (6%), Gurungs, Kirantis and Magars (7%).
Closed in the 1950s, Nepal is now one of the poorest countries in the world with an average per capita income of $ 730 a year. The country relies heavily on remissions, accounting for nearly 30% of its GDP. Agriculture employs 1/3 of the active population. As for the industry, it focuses on a few sectors, mainly tobacco, tapestry and rice. Its economic performance is handicapped by its geography. Thus, only 20% of the total area is arable. There is an industry undergoing transformation with strong proto-industrialization. The service sector has grown in 30 years. In 1980 it accounted for 26% of Nepal’s GDP, today it constitutes more than 42% of GDP. This growth is due to tourism and the IT sector.
However, Nepal’s remarkable efforts in recent years to reduce the rate of illiteracy (especially among young people), poverty and infant mortality can be highlighted. Recently, Rwanda, Bangladesh and Nepal are making remarkable efforts to reduce their poverty rate. In seven years, the population living under the poverty line has been halved from 53.51% in 2003 to 24.8% in 2010. Thus, the poverty rate is reduced by 4% per year on average. If the trend is confirmed, Nepal should see its extreme poverty eradicated in the next twenty years