Where is Latvia located in Europe? Map of Latvia…
Where Is Latvia Located In Europe? Latvia Map
Latvia, in long form the Republic of Latvia, in Latvian Latvija and Latvijas Republika, is a northern European country and member of the European Union. It is one of the three Baltic countries located on the eastern shore of the Baltic Sea and is bordered by Lithuania to the south and Estonia to the north. Latvia also has land borders in the east with Russia and in the south-east with Belarus. Latvia has been a Member State of the European Union since 1 May 2004, and of the euro area since 1 January 2014.
Latvia is a Baltic country in Northern Europe, a member of the European Union since 1 May 2004 and of the euro area since 1 January 2014.
The population of Latvia is 2.25 million (2010). The capital, Riga, has 764,329 inhabitants. Latvians make up 3/4 of the population. The other nationalities are Russians: 21% and Belorussians: 4%
Latvia is a parliamentary republic. The Latvian currency was the lats, since 2014 it’s the euro.
Latvia is bordered on the west by the Baltic Sea, on the north by Estonia, on the east by Russia, on the south-east by Belarus and on the south by Lithuania. Its area is 64,589 km2, about 10 times less than France.
The climate is continental, tempered by oceanic influences. At the edge of the coast, it is not too cold in winter (-4 ° C in January) or too hot in summer (16.5 ° C in July). In the lowlands it can be -20 ° C and up to 30 ° C. In winter, the snow comes in November and covers the ground for about 4 months.
The big cities of Latvia are:
- Riga, the capital and the largest Latvian city, has a castle and a cathedral or important church for each of the Protestant, Catholic and Orthodox religions
- Jūrmala, city known for its high standard of living and its seaside resort: it is nicknamed the “Saint-Tropez of Latvia”. You can also swim in the summer;
- Liepāja, a tourist town and seaside town, located on the shores of the Baltic Sea, about 200 km west of Riga;
- Ventspils, northwestern Latvia, on the shores of the Baltic Sea, 160 km from Rīga;
- Daugavpils is the second largest city in Latvia, with 110,000 inhabitants. It is located in southeastern Latvia, on both banks of the Daugava River;
- Jelgava is south of Riga. It is the second largest student city in the country. The main industries are ceramics and sugar;
- Cesis, 75 km north of Riga, celebrated its 800th anniversary in 2006 at a major festival of music, dance and theater.
The city of Riga is undoubtedly the Latvian nerve center and it is here that you can find a wealth of places to go out at night. The city is also full of monuments of all kinds and all denominations, Saint Peter’s Church; Saint John Church. Other Latvian cities to see include Dundaga, in the south-west of the country and its castle, allegedly haunted. For lovers of Latvian folklore, Mazsalaca is the place to visit: the Devil’s Grotto would have a reputation for healing the sick. Not to mention the Rundale Castle, a baroque palace of great beauty.
Riga attracts tourists from all over the world because of the strong impregnation of Art Nouveau in its city center: although this artistic form reached Riga rather late in the nineteenth century, architects heart joy to renovate this space deep, left vacant after the city had literally destroyed the ramparts protecting its historic center. In 1997, Unesco declared World Heritage a total of 475 hectares in the center of Riga.
During your stay in Latvia, you should visit other cities: the beach lovers will particularly appreciate to go to the seaside resort of Jurmala, which in fact gathers several beaches over 40 kilometers along the Gulf of Riga. With its beautiful white sand beaches bordering the Baltic Sea, Jurmala is nevertheless a jewel of the Riviera: its luxury hotels and spas appeal to tourists, many spa guests and locals alike. During the winter, when temperatures can reach -20 degrees inland and -4 degrees on the coast, ski enthusiasts can visit the tourist resort of Sigulda, located on the Gauja, one of the most long rivers of Latvia.
In addition to winter sports, the historical interest of the city is also real: Sigulda Castle, that of Turaida or Sigulda National Park are essential pillars. In the same vein, Bauska, located in the Latvian region of Curonian, about sixty kilometers from Riga, is full of historical riches like the ruins of its castle, one of the few buildings built to withstand powders. In western Latvia, Kuldiga will charm lovers of medieval history.
It is also known for the Ventas Rumba, one of the deepest waterfalls in Europe with 249 meters deep. During your trip to Latvia, several types of accommodation will be offered: if you like nature, you will be able to camp in some regional or national parks, with the use of a good anti-mosquito. Otherwise, the country has hostels in the most tourist areas in the image of Riga or its resorts, but this mode of accommodation remains undeveloped in other cities of the country.
Apart from some vestiges of the Soviet era, the Latvian hotel industry remains on the whole of good quality. To move, you can of course choose to rent a car in Latvia but the traffic in the big cities is often very bottled and frequent accidents. The train is not very expensive but its comfort remains minimal and the number of its limited links. However, you can opt for buses, which depart regularly and complete services. All for modest rates.