Where is Ireland location? Map of Ireland…
Where Is Ireland Located? Ireland Map
Ireland is a northern European country, member of the European Union, occupying the north-west and south of the island of Ireland, in the Atlantic Ocean. In Gaelic the country is called Eire and English Ireland.
Ireland lies to the west of Great Britain, from which it is separated by the Irish Sea and the Saint George Canal. Independent since 1921, after seven centuries of British rule against which the national identity was forged, the country includes the historic provinces of Leinster, Munster and Connacht as well as three of the nine counties of Ulster. The other six counties in this province are Northern Ireland, which is part of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.
The Republic of Ireland is divided into 26 counties and 4 boroughs: the cities of Dublin, Cork, Limerick, Waterford, whose municipalities are administratively independent of the counties. The county councils and county borough corporations, the communities representing the 4 boroughs, are elected for five years, as are the urban district councils and municipal councils, which have local jurisdiction in areas such as health policy, housing or water supply.
Despite the economic and social changes of recent decades, the rate of urbanization remains much lower than that of other European countries. More than a million Irish people live and work in the capital city of Dublin, which concentrates a good deal of industrial and commercial employment as well as most administrative and cultural activities. The country’s second largest city is Cork, the largest Irish port. The most dynamic cities are Limerick, a shopping center in the West, and Galway, a university town, and Waterford, the center of the agri-food industry, in the south-east.
Ireland covers 70,273 km² out of the 84,000 km2 total area of the island. The relief bears the imprint of Quaternary glaciations; it consists of an alternation of folds and depressions. In the center, erosion has cleared, on the New Caledonian basement, a vast central plain limestone (Burren), furrowed long gravel ripples and sand (bone or eskers). The area is dotted with lakes and peat bogs, as well as moraine deposits forming elongated hills, drumlins, which rise substantially to the northwest (Donegal Mountains, 750 m).
The plain is surrounded by coastal cliffs separated by valleys and small plains, opening access to the sea. The altitude is not high: the red sandstone formations of the Kerry Mountains, to the south-west, culminate at 1,041 m to the Carrantuohill. To the east, the Wicklow granitic mountains rise to 926 m. The karstic relief of the Burren in County Clare extends to the west the crystalline massif of the Connemara Mountains (820 m) and to the northeast the basaltic plateau of Antrim.
The coasts are characterized by their asymmetry: low and sandy to the east, they turn into steep cliffs and are very cut to the west. The sea often penetrates far inland, into deep fjords such as Carlingfdord and Killary, as well as into rias (Dingle Bay) shaped by glacial erosion and changes in sea levels. The Irish coasts offer many natural deepwater ports, such as Bantry Bay, in western Kerry, one of the deepest anchorages in Western Europe. Off the Atlantic coast are strings of islands (Aran Islands, Achill Island) once attached to the mainland.