Where is Iraq located? Map of Iraq…
Where Is Iraq Located? Iraq Map
Iraq is a country of the Middle East. In Arabic it is called Al `Irāq. Iraq is bordered by Turkey to the north, Iran to the east, Saudi Arabia and Kuwait to the south, Jordan and Syria to the west. In the south, Iraq has a narrow seafront (40 km) on the Arabian Gulf.
Iraq comprises the majority of the territory of ancient Mesopotamia (the others are in Iran). Unfortunately, it is currently difficult to visit, given the political situation.
Baghdad, the capital, is located in the center of the country, on the left bank of the Tigris, it is the main industrial center of the country and is also the largest city in the country. Basra, on the right bank of the Shatt al-Arab, is the second largest city in the country and the first Iraqi port. Mosul, in the North, is one of the main oil centers in the country.
Iraq covers an area of 438,317 square kilometers. The center of the Iraqi territory is occupied by a vast alluvial plain forming part of the Fertile Crescent, formed by the valleys of the Tigris and Euphrates, corresponding in large part to ancient Mesopotamia. The two rivers cross Iraq from north-west to south-east. They meet up to 160 km north of the Arabian Gulf to form the same marshy delta, the Chatt al-Arab, through which a waterway 180 km long allows deep-sea vessels to penetrate inside. Lands to Basra, the country’s first port, 150 km from the sea.
The east and north-east of the country are bordered by the foothills of the Zagros Mountains, the Kurdish region and the Taurus, dominated by Mount Rost-Hazaret (3,607 m), the highest point in Iraq. The northern part is occupied by the steppe plateau of Djesireh, which extends south of Jebel Sinjar. To the west and south-west of the Euphrates, the relief, which is less than 200 m above sea level, slopes gently up to the deserts of Syria (Chamiya Plain) to the west, and the Nefoud (Saudi Arabia) to the south.
The climate of most of Iraq is sub-desert. This, however, has continental shades towards the north, near the mountainous reliefs, because of the lowering of the temperatures with the altitude. The country has very hot summers (33.3 ° C in Baghdad in July) and cold winters (9.4 ° C in Baghdad in January), often accompanied by snow in the mountains. In the mountainous regions of the Northeast, precipitation is abundant from October to May. The annual total precipitation decreases towards the south (200 to 400 mm on the plateau of Djesireh). Further south, the climate becomes frankly arid (between 100 and 200 mm per year). Sandstorms are common in summer.