Where is Guyana located in South America? Map of Guyana…
Where Is Guyana Located In America? Guyana Map
Guyana is a country located in the north of South America, between Suriname and Venezuela. The country’s area is about 197,000 km2. Guyana has 430 kilometers of coastline on the Atlantic, bordered by Venezuela to the west, Brazil to the west and south, and Suriname to the east. The territory is made up of three main geographical areas: the coastal plain, the white sand belt, and the interior of the country.
Guyana, in long form the Cooperative Republic of Guyana, is the only Commonwealth state located in South America. Moreover, it is also the only state in South America where the official language is English. Located north of the equator but in the tropics, it has coasts on the Atlantic Ocean. Guyana is surrounded to the east by Suriname, to the south and southwest by Brazil and to the west by Venezuela. It is the third smallest country in South America and one of the poorest. Guyana is one of the last two countries on the American continent where driving is on the left.
Guyana means “land of abundant waters” in the Arawak language. The country is characterized by its vast tropical forests dissected by numerous rivers, creeks and waterfalls, including the Kaieteur Falls on the Potaro River. The tepuys of Guyana are famous for having inspired Arthur Conan Doyle’s novel The Lost World, in 1912.
The capital of Guyana, Georgetown, is located on the Atlantic coast and has approximately 245,000 inhabitants.
Agriculture employs one-third of the labor force. Sugar, with 3 million tonnes in 1994, was at one time the largest cash crop. Rice, coffee, fruits and tropical vegetables are the main products for the domestic market. The savannas are home to cattle farming.
Crops are almost entirely concentrated on the coastal strip. The Government of Guyana is making significant efforts to increase the number of arable land. The resources of the forest are in the process of exploitation. The development of fishing, especially that of shrimp, is recent.
Guyana is a major producer of bauxite, with 2 million tonnes in 2011, but also manganese, gold and diamonds. Guyana’s industry is limited to the processing of bauxite, sugar refineries and the production of foodstuffs such as rum and sugar. The country enjoys a significant hydroelectric potential.
Despite its reserves of Bauxite and the extraction of gold and diamonds, Guyana is a very poor country. But efforts have been made over the past two decades thanks to the intervention of the IMF and the World Bank.
As a result, many foreign companies have moved to Guyana, buying back companies that have been privatized or exploiting the country’s natural resources such as bauxite or gold. Guyana is home to one of South America’s largest open-pit gold mines, a mine operated by a company from Canada. The monetary unit of Guyana is the Guyana dollar, equivalent to 100 cents.