Where Is France Located? France Map

Where is France located? Map of France

Where Is France Located? France Map

France is a western European country, made up of metropolitan France and overseas France, belonging to the European Union.

France is bordered on the north-east by Belgium, Luxembourg and Germany; to the east by Germany, Switzerland and Italy; in the south-east by the Mediterranean Sea (Gulf of Lion) and the Principality of Monaco; south-west by Spain, the Principality of Andorra and the Bay of Biscay; to the west by the Atlantic Ocean; and to the north-west by the Channel and the Strait of Calais, which separates France from the United Kingdom and connects the Channel to the North Sea.

The capital and the largest city in France is Paris, which had a population of 11,101,000 in 2010. Together with London, it is the largest metropolis in Western Europe and has an international reputation. The other major French cities are Marseille, Lyon, Toulouse, Nice, Nantes, Strasbourg, Montpellier, Bordeaux, Lille, Rennes, Reims, Le Havre, Saint Etienne and Toulon.

Country of moderate altitude (342 m on average), France presents varied and contrasted reliefs. While bordered, on its eastern and southern peripheries, by high mountain barriers, a set of medium mountains occupies the center and the north-east of the country, as well as Corsica, while vast regions of plains, hills and low plateaus stretch from the north to the southwest.

The highest and most rugged part of the territory is located east of a Bayonne (southwest) -Thionville (northeastern) line. In the mountainous France of the East and the South, with the strong topographic contrasts and the compartmentalised reliefs, France is opposed to the basins and worn basements (Armorican Massif, Ardenne) of the North and the West, whose plains and Low plateaus extend to an altitude most often less than 250 m. A set of thresholds (passage between two basins), wide valleys and collapse ditches facilitates the circulation across the territory.

Tourism in France is an economic sector of this country. This is an important activity, both for the French who choose to spend their holidays, and for foreigners who come to stay there. According to figures from the World Tourism Organization, France has become the leading tourist destination in the world (84 million international tourist arrivals in 2014) since the 1990s, but remained in third place (behind the States United States and Spain) in terms of revenues from international tourism until 2015, the year that sees it fall to fourth place behind China.

The tourist appeal of France is explained by the large number and variety of points of interest, the diversity of the landscapes, the richness of the enogastronomic heritage, historical, cultural and artistic, the temperate climate and the facilities of access and of transport infrastructures, but also by the important and varied equipment of the country in structures of reception (hotel trade, restoration, parks of attractions …). Thus, each French department is a tourist department with several points of interest.

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