Where is El Salvador located in the world? Where is El Salvador situated? Here is the answer and more…
Where Is El Salvador Located In The World?
El Salvador, in long form the Republic of El Salvador, is the smallest country in Central America with a total area of 20,742 km2 for an estimated population of 6,328,196 in 2014, and has the highest population density in the America. It also has a tropical climate, and borders southwest Honduras and southeastern Guatemala. Finally, it is the only continental country of Central America to give only on the Pacific, as for Belize with the Atlantic. Its territory is divided into 14 departments and 262 municipalities. San Salvador is its capital, and the cities of Santa Ana and San Miguel are the most important cities.
Where is El Salvador located in the world? The geography of El Salvador is unique among the countries of Central America. The country is bordered to the south and southwest by the Pacific Ocean and borders Guatemala to north-northwest and Honduras to north-northeast. To the south-east, the Gulf of Fonseca separates it from Nicaragua. El Salvador is the smallest country in Central America (21,040 km2) and the only one with no coastline on the Caribbean Sea.
Geographical coordinates: 13 ° 50 ‘N, 88 ° 55’ W
El Salvador has a tropical climate with marked dry and wet seasons. The changes in temperature vary mainly with the altitude and the thermal amplitude is low. The Pacific lowlands are warm while the central plateau and mountainous areas are more temperate.
The wet season, called invierno (winter), lasts from May to October. Almost all of the annual rainfall occurs during this period and, especially on the south-facing slopes, they reach nearly 200 cm. The sheltered regions and the central plateau receive smaller amounts of water, although significant. During this season, precipitation is generally due to low pressure over the Pacific and occurs during the afternoon during strong thunderstorms. Although hurricanes occasionally form over the Pacific, they seldom affect El Salvador, with the notable exception of Hurricane Mitch in 1998.
From November to April, the northeastern trade winds influence weather changes. During this period, the air from the Caribbean has discharged its rainfall over the mountainous regions of Honduras and reaches dry, hot and foggy, El Salvador. Locally, this season is called verano (summer).
The temperature variations are small and only the variations due to the altitude are significant. The Pacific lowlands are the hottest region with annual averages ranging from 25 to 29 ° C. On the central plateau, the average annual temperature is 23 ° C (maximum: 38 ° C, minimum: 6 ° C). The mountainous regions are the coolest, with annual averages ranging from 12 to 23 ° C. The lowest temperatures sometimes approach 0 ° C.