Where is Cuba located? Map of Cuba…
Where Is Cuba Located? Cuba Map
Cuba is an island country in the Greater Antilles. The island of Cuba is located in the southern United States and east of Mexico, 77 km east of Haiti and 140 km north of Jamaica. It is surrounded by the Florida Strait to the north, the Atlantic Ocean to the east, the Windward Passage to the south, the Caribbean Sea to the south, and the Yucatan Strait to the west.
Cuba is divided into 14 provinces, to which is added the municipality of the Island of Youth.
Havana, capital and first port of the country, shelters a population estimated at more than 2.1 million inhabitants. Other important cities are: Cienfuegos, port of the east coast of the island; Santiago de Cuba, a colonial town with many tobacco factories in the southeast; Camagüey, sugar processing center in the heart of the island; Holguín, market of a rich agricultural region of the south-east; Santa Clara, commercial and road crossroads in the center; Guantánamo, an industrial city in the south-east; and Matanzas, harbor on the Strait of Florida.
The main island of Cuba is placed near many small archipelagos that are part of the country. Very long (1,200 km long) and not more than 191 km wide, the island of Cuba is largely flat, except for some low mountain areas: the hills of Guaniguanico (699 m altitude), at West Havana; the Escambray Massif (1,140 m) and the Trinidad Mountains in the center; the Sierra de Los Organos, in the western part; and especially the southeastern Sierra Maestra, which culminates at Turquino Peak (2,005 m) and overlooks the Bartlett Trough (approximately 7,000 m deep).
Nearly 80% of the territory consists of clay plains and plateaus, marked by karst erosion, which contributed to the formation of cones constituting mogotes.
The northern coast is rocky and steep, except for the central part bordered by white sand; to the south, it is low and marshy, except at the level of the Sierra Maestra. The shoreline is everywhere carved with gulfs and bays, constituting as many natural harbors: Havana, Cárdenas, Bahía Honda, Matanzas and Nuevitas on the north coast; Guantánamo, Santiago de Cuba, Cienfuegos and Trinidad, on the south coast. Cuba is also characterized by the presence of limestone caves and coral reefs.
The island has more than 200 rivers, rarely exceeding 40 km long; none is really important and their level varies greatly depending on precipitation. Only the Río Cauto (240 km), which flows south-east into the Gulf of Guacanayabo, is partly navigable.
The countless islands and islets (cayos) that surround Cuba represent an area of approximately 3,500 km2 and are divided into five major groups – from west to east: Los Colorados, Sabana, Camagüey, Queen’s Gardens, Los Canarreos – to which the Isle of Youth (formerly Isle of Pines), the largest with an area of 3,056 km2, should be added.