Where is Chile located? Where is Chile situated? Here is the answer and more…
Where Is Chile Situated?
Chile, in long form the Republic of Chile, is a country of South America sharing its borders with Peru to the north, Bolivia to the northeast and Argentina to the east and whose territory forms a narrow band from the Atacama Desert to Cape Horn. Easter Island, located 3,000 kilometers from Valparaiso in the Pacific Ocean, has been part of Chile since 1888. The country’s area is 756,102 km2. The government also claims possession on the Antarctic continent: the Chilean Territory of Antarctica corresponds to longitudes 53 ° W and 90 ° W and is located south of the sixty-fifth parallel south.
The capital of Chile is Santiago.
Chile is one of the so-called countries of the Southern Cone and among the countries of Latin America, it is one where the European culture is the most assertive, with Argentina and Uruguay. Chile is the most developed country in Latin America (in 2010, its human development index was 0.895). It is also, in 2010, the least corrupt country in Latin America8, and one of the most democratic.
The official language of the country is Chilean Spanish, but is also spoken by Amerindian languages such as Runa simi, Mapudungun or Aymara, and a Polynesian language, Vânaga Rapanui on Easter Island. None of these languages, however, have official status.
The national currency is the peso (CLP, locally $).
On January 11, 2010, Chile became a member of the OECD10. In 2016, Chile is the fourteenth most unequal country in the world.
Since the 1990s, tourism in Chile has become an important economic resource, particularly in the extreme areas of the country (Atacama Desert in the North, Patagonia and Tierra del Fuego in the South). During 2005, it increased by 13.6%, generating more than 1,360 million US dollars (1.33% of national GDP).
According to SERNATUR, two million people travel to Chile each year. This figure is still good when compared to Brazil or Mexico. The majority of these visitors come from the mainland, mainly from Argentina. However, in recent years, the number of visitors from Spain, France, Germany is constantly increasing (these countries even sometimes offer direct flights to Chile non-stop). Europeans represent 400,000 visitors in 2005.
The main tourist places correspond to the places of natural beauty of the extreme zones. San Pedro de Atacama, in the north of the country, is very visited by foreigners to contemplate the architecture of Inca origin, the lagoons of the Altiplano, Valle de la Luna plebiscite for its strangeness and the geysers of the Tatio. Near Putre, in the extreme north, admire Lake Chungará and the Parinacota volcano located in Lauca National Park at more than 4,500 meters above sea level. In the southern zone, the main tourist sites are the archipelago of Chiloé, Patagonia, the lagoon of San Rafael and its glaciers as well as the national park of Torres del Paine. Finally, the mysterious Easter Island in the middle of the Pacific Ocean is probably the most popular tourist spot for Westerners, due to its exotic side to the continent.
At the national level, tourism is concentrated during the summer period, mainly in resorts such as Arica, Iquique, Antofagasta, La Serena and Coquimbo for the northern zone. The region of Valparaiso receives the greatest number of tourists as Viña del Mar thanks to its proximity to Santiago. Viña del Mar is known as the “tourist capital of Chile” thanks to the beauty of its beaches. Every year, in February, the Viña del Mar Song Festival takes place, an important musical event in Latin America.