Where Is Canada Located? Canada Map

Where is Canada located? Map of Canada

Where Is Canada Located? Canada Map

Canada is a North American member of the Commonwealth.

Canada is bounded to the north by the Arctic Ocean, to the northeast by Baffin Bay and Davis Strait, which separates it from Greenland, to the east by the Atlantic Ocean, to the south by the United States, and to the west by the Pacific Ocean and Alaska. It includes many islands, including the Canadian Arctic Archipelago, in the Arctic Ocean. The largest of these islands, covering a total of 1,424,500 km2, are, in descending order, Baffin Island, Victoria Land, Ellesmere Island, Banks Island, Devon Island, Axel Heiberg and Melville Island.

Canada is subdivided into ten provinces: Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, New Brunswick, Newfoundland and Labrador (On December 6, 2001, the Province of Newfoundland became Newfoundland and Labrador by constitutional proclamation ), Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, Quebec and Saskatchewan – and in three territories – Northwest Territories, Yukon and Nunavut (created in April 1999, this territory located in the Canadian North and whose the Eskimo name means “our land” recognizes the territorial autonomy of the Inuit).

Canada’s major cities are Toronto, Ontario, a port and manufacturing city; Montreal, Quebec, port and important shopping center; Vancouver, British Columbia, railway center, commercial port and industrial city; Ottawa, Ontario, federal capital of Canada and institutional center; Winnipeg, Manitoba, a major grain market and rail hub; Edmonton, Alberta, Agricultural and Petroleum Center; Quebec City, a port and industrial city, a cultural and touristic city; Hamilton, Ontario, Marine and Industrial Center; Calgary, Alberta, transportation, mining and agricultural center; St. Catharines, Ontario, Industrial and Commercial Center; Kitchener, Ontario, manufacturing city; Halifax, Nova Scotia, seaport and industrial city.

With the exception of the Arctic Archipelago, there are five major natural regions in Canada: the Canadian Shield, the Appalachian Mountains, the Great Lakes-St. Lawrence Plains, the Inner Plains (or Prairie) and the Cordillera.

Map of Canada

The largest of these areas, the Canadian Shield, extends from the Labrador Peninsula to Great Bear Lake, from the Arctic Ocean to the Thousand Islands Archipelago in the St. Lawrence, and in the United States. United, west of Lake Superior and upstate New York. This area, consisting of ancient granitic rocks (dating from the Precambrian), bare and strongly eroded by ice, is a peneplain composed of hills. It includes Labrador (the eastern part of which, together with the island of Newfoundland, the province of Newfoundland and Labrador), most of Quebec, northern Ontario, Manitoba, and Canada. majority of the Northwest Territories, with Hudson Bay, an inland sea covering approximately 730,380 km2. It is one of the oldest lands in the world. The Shield is covered with boreal forests, lakes and marshes; it rises to the south and east to the Canadian highlands.

Eastern Canada is at the same time the domain of the Appalachian region, the plains of the Great Lakes and the St. Lawrence. The Appalachian region includes the island of Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, New Brunswick and Prince Edward Island, and Gaspésie, Quebec. It is an extension of the mountainous Appalachian system, located in the United States, and the Atlantic coastal plain. The Great Lakes-St. Lawrence Plains, covering an area of ​​almost 100,000 km2 in southern Quebec and Ontario, constitute the largest area of ​​cropland in eastern and central Canada; most of the country’s manufacturing industries are located there.

Bordering the Canadian Shield to the west, the interior plains (the Canadian Prairie) are an extension of the Great Plains of the United States. Stretching 1,300 km across the US border, they are reduced to about 320 km west of Great Bear Lake to widen again at the mouth of the Mackenzie River to 480 km approximately on the Arctic coast. The interior plains include northeastern British Columbia, most of Alberta, the southern half of Saskatchewan, and the southern third of Manitoba. This region has the most fertile lands in Canada, used primarily for grain farming.

To the west of the interior plains is a mountainous area which is a portion of the Cordillera, a gigantic chain extending from the southern tip of South America to the tip of Alaska. In Canada, the Cordillera has an average width of about 800 km. It includes western Alberta, most of British Columbia, and most of the Yukon. It consists of the Rocky Mountains and related formations, including the Mackenzie, Franklin and Richardson Mountains. Mount Robson (3,954 m) is the highest peak in the Canadian Rockies and a dozen or more peaks rise to more than 3,500 m.

To the west of the Canadian Rockies are other mountainous formations, including the Caribou, Stikine and Selkirk Mountains, and a vast plateau area. The latter area is crisscrossed by deep valleys and has vast expanses of farmland, particularly in British Columbia. To the west of this central strip, and almost parallel to the Pacific Ocean, is another large glacier-spanning mountain system, including the Coast Mountains, an extension of the Cascade Range in the United States, and various coastal links. . The most notable peaks in the Western Cordillera are Mount Logan (5,959 m, highest point in Canada and second highest peak in North America after Mount McKinley), Mount Saint Elias (5,489 m), Mount Lucania (5,226 m) and King Peak (5,173 m), all located in the Saint Elias range.

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