Where is Cameroon located? Map of Cameroon…
Where Is Cameroon Located? Cameroon Map
Cameroon is a Central African country open to the Atlantic Ocean, member of the Commonwealth.
Cameroon is limited to the west by Nigeria, to the northeast by Chad, to the east by the Central African Republic, to the south by Congo, Gabon and Equatorial Guinea.
The city with the most inhabitants is Yaounde, capital and main shopping center. Douala is the most important port on the Gulf of Biafra. The other cities are N’kongsamba, Maroua, Bafoussam and Foumban.
Cameroon is divided into several regions. To the south, the coastal plain and inland areas are covered with thick tropical forests, while towards the north they give way to the savannah and then to the Sudano-Sahelian steppe, which ends in marshes bordering from Lake Chad. The dominant feature of its relief is the Adamaoua massif, a mountainous arch that separates the north and south of the country. Its plateaus, at an average elevation of 1,370 m, dominate the Benue plains, to the north and west, along the border with Nigeria. More upright to the north and west, where it rises up to 2,460 m, the Adamaoua extends to the southwest by high mountains of volcanic origin where Mount Cameroon rises to 4,095 m. This volcano is still active. The toxic gas emanations of Lake Nyos, formed in one of the craters, had more than a thousand victims in 1986, and the depth of gas concentration now seems to be renewed.
Adamawa also determines the hydrographic orientation of Cameroon. The Logone flows north from the central plateau to the Chad Basin. The Bénoué also takes its source and connects the east and the north of the plateau to the vast fluvial network of Niger to the west (Nigeria). To the south, the massif gives birth to many national coastal rivers, including Sanaga and Nyong, which flow into the Atlantic. Its sources also feed the basin of the Congo River (Sangha), to the east.
Cameroon has a humid tropical climate in the south and on the coasts (3,890 mm), with heavy rains from April to November, and almost all year in the South-West mountains (10,000 mm / year) . The climate is similar to the Sahelian type heading north, where the dry season lasts from October to April (700 mm on the central plateau). The northwest is semi-arid (380 mm / year). Mean temperatures vary between the South (25 ° C), the Central Plateau (21.1 ° C) and the North (32.2 ° C).
French and English are the official languages, with more Francophones than Anglophones. Sudanese languages are spoken in the North, Bantu languages in the South. About a quarter of the population is animist. Muslims live mainly in the North while Christians populate the South.
In addition to the important forest resources, Cameroon has very profitable deposits of bauxite in the north of the country. Natural gas reserves and oil deposits are being exploited on the high seas off Douala. Gold is mined in small quantities, as well as tin ore and limestone. The hydrographic network offers a considerable hydroelectric potential put to profit in metallugic installations (Edea plant).