Where is Cambodia located? Map of Cambodia…
Where Is Cambodia Located? Cambodia Map
Cambodia is, a Southeast Asian country, located between Thailand, Laos and Vietnam. Its area is 181 035 km2 and its sea border, 443 km long, overlooking the Gulf of Thailand. It is located in the Indochinese peninsula.
Cambodia, in long form the Kingdom of Cambodia, literally “Khmer Country”, is a country in Southeast Asia, populated with about 15 million inhabitants.
The capital of the kingdom is Phnom Penh. Cambodia is the successor state of the Khmer Hindu and Buddhist Empire, which ruled most of the Indochina peninsula between the eleventh and fourteenth centuries. Cambodia has common borders with Thailand to the west and northwest, with Laos to the northeast and Vietnam to the east and southeast.
The citizens of the country are called Cambodians or Khmers in reference to the Khmer ethnic group. The majority of Cambodians are of the Theravada Buddhist religion (96% of the population, state religion), although the country has a Muslim Cham community (2%) as well as some mountain tribes and a Christian community (1%).
The Khmer Rouge takeover in 1975 and the establishment of communist totalitarianism resulted in the death of more than one million Cambodians, persecuted or murdered. Agriculture remains the dominant economic sector (57.6% of the active population and 33.4% of GDP). Cambodia’s main industries are clothing and tourism (more than 2 million in 2007-08). Oil and gas were discovered in the country’s territorial waters in 2005. Despite the extreme poverty of a large part of the population (31% below the poverty line), Cambodia has known since the late 1990s a strong economic development and benefits from the influx of international investments. Between 2004 and 2007, the Kingdom’s GDP grew at an average annual rate of 10 %. Despite this upturn, Cambodia’s GDP per capita remains at just $ 773 per capita per year, well below the regional average and at the same level as many countries in sub-Saharan Africa.
Cambodia has a tropical climate.
Tourism in Cambodia represents the second source of income of the Khmer kingdom behind agriculture.
With the complex of temples of Angkor, a UNESCO World Heritage Site; these temples are the main tourist attraction of the country with more than 2,420,000 visitors in 2009. Mountainous regions (Rotanah Kiri, Mondol Kiri) and a coastline increasingly exploited thanks to long white sand beaches (especially to Sihanoukville) , Cambodia has a sector with high potential.
The revenues of this activity testify from 5% of GDP in 2000 to more than 15% in 2005, with a 35% increase in the number of tourists over the same period, representing more than 1.4 million foreigners. A figure that rose to 2 million visitors in 2010-111; the country is therefore investing a lot to better receive this new clientele.