Where is Bhutan situated? Map of Bhutan…
Where Is Bhutan Situated? Bhutan Map
Bhutan, long form the Kingdom of Bhutan, is a Southeast Asian country without access to the sea. It is located in the eastern Himalayas, landlocked between India to the south, east and west, with which it shares 605 km of land borders, and China (Tibet Autonomous Region) in the north with 470 km of borders. Further west, it is separated from Nepal by the Indian state of Sikkim, and further south it is separated from Bangladesh by the Indian states of Assam and West Bengal. Its capital and largest city is Thimphu.
Bhutan is a Himalayan country located at the southeastern end of the chain, landlocked between India and the People’s Republic of China. Historically, its territory extended farther south, including part of the present state of Assam as well as the protectorate of Cooch Behar. From 1772, the East India Company progressively pushed the frontiers northward through a series of wars and treaties until the Treaty of Sinchulu of 1865, which restored part of the land taken to the kingdom.
Secular isolation, a small population and unhelpful terrain have made Bhutan one of the most protected ecosystems in the world. The country is among the top ten by species density. There are 5,500 plant species, including about 300 medicinal plants, more than 770 bird species and 165 mammal species, including several endangered species such as red panda, snow leopard and golden langur.
The Himalayas dominate the landscape of the north of the country and many peaks exceed 7,000 meters of altitude. Kula Kangri is generally considered the highest point in Bhutan at 7,553 meters, but China claims it to be entirely in Tibet.
Very mountainous, the southern border of the country consists of the Ganges and Brahmaputra plain (minimum altitude: 97 m) while its north-east border bounded by the Himalayan ridge (maximum altitude: Kula Kangri 7,554 m, or Gangkhar Puensum 7 570 m).
The forest covers 70% of the national territory. Most of the population is concentrated in the highlands and valleys of the west.
The extreme south of the country is a strip of subtropical plains covered with rice fields. It contains the majority of arable land, which accounts for only 2% of the territory.
The climate in Bhutan varies greatly with altitude and is influenced by the monsoon, especially in the west of the country. The southern plains enjoy a humid subtropical climate. The Himalayan valleys of central and southern are temperate, while the north is much colder, with eternal snow on the summits.
Temperatures in Thimphou, at an altitude of 2,200 meters, range from 15 to 26 ° C from June to September, but fall to -4 ° C in January. In the south, the temperature rarely drops below 15 ° C and can reach 40 ° C in summer.
Rainfall is very sparse in the north, with only 40 millimeters per year, mostly in the form of snow. The temperate regions of the center receive an average of 1,000 mm per year, while records of 7,800 mm are recorded in the south.
Tourism is deliberately limited in the desire to preserve the environment and culture of the country. Bhutan mainly hosts luxury tourism. Access is nevertheless easier since the privatization of the industry in 1991. Most of the dzong, which still house both the administrative services of the region and religious premises, are open to foreigners.
English is learned at school and almost all official documents (including election posters) are also published in English.
In 2005, there were an estimated 7,000 tourists (including businessmen) in Bhutan. It is estimated that 24% of these tourists come from the United States, 17% from Japan, 11% from the United Kingdom and 48% from other countries. Each tourist must get rid of a $ 250 per day package which includes hotel, meals, car with driver and guide.
Nestled in the heart of the Himalayas, off the beaten track, Bhutan is known for its beautiful scenery and the legendary kindness of its people. We also hear about him for his original economic development, which puts the preservation of the environment, the promotion of sustainable development and the happiness of citizens at the center of everything.