Where is Benin located? Map of Benin…
Where Is Benin Located? Benin Map
Benin is a country in West Africa, located on the Gulf of Guinea. The official capital is Porto-Novo, but its political and economic capital is Cotonou. Benin is bordered on the north by Burkina and Niger, on the east by Nigeria and on the west by Togo.
Since 1999, Benin has been divided into twelve departments (twice the size of the former territorial division), whose list is as follows: Alibori, Atacora, Atlantic, Borgou, Hills, Couffo, Donga, Littoral, Mono, Ouémé , Plateau, Zou.
The main cities are Cotonou, the political capital, important business center and main port, Porto-Novo, official administrative capital, Parakou, Abomey and Natitingou.
The country covers an area of 112 622 km²; it extends over 670 km, from the Niger River to the Atlantic coast, 121 km long. The coast of Benin is made up of a series of coastal cords beaten by large breakers and not having a natural harbor. This sandy strip a few hundred meters wide, covered with coconut palms, is immediately followed by a set of shallow lagoons often communicating with each other, which are only connected to the sea by a thin channel, which is frequently silted up at the height of Cotonou. Between the lagoons and the first reliefs extend the land of bar (of barro, clay in Portuguese), fertile plain and very cultivated, a swampy depression of black clay flooded during the rainy season and difficult to put in value as well as another highly cultivated region, corresponding to the ancient kingdom of Dahomey. The rest of the country is barely higher (200 to 400 m) and soils are poor and lateritic. The northern border consists of a plateau of 488 m average altitude, rocky and barren ground. To the north-west, the Atakora massif, oriented to the northeast, hardly exceeds 800 m.
Benin’s climate ranges from an equatorial type of transition in the south to an increasingly dry tropical type in the north. In the south, the average annual rainfall decreases from Porto-Novo (1,200 mm) to Grand-Popo (820 mm). Two rainy seasons succeed each other during the year, one between March and July; the other between September and November. The average monthly temperature varies from 20 ° C to 34 ° C. As we move north, the Sahelian climate, characterized by a long dry season and a single rainy season, from May to September, is becoming more pronounced. Temperatures are high and precipitation is lower (890 mm except on the Atakora massif which receives 1,300 mm at Natitingou).